Roulette Tutorial, History, Strategy, Rules and Odds

What is Roulette?

Roulette is a table game that is found in almost every casino, there are even casinos that are based around roulette. Roulette is the French word that means little wheel. This game consists of a small wheel accompanied by a white ball. The dealer or the croupier, who represents the house is responsible for spinning the wheel. He spins it in a direction and he spins the ball in the other direction. The wheel and the ball will keep spinning until the ball stops on a certain number slot on the wheel. The wheel is divided into thirty-seven or thirty-eight colored numbers. According to the location where the ball rests, players will be rewarded.

The table of roulette is usually covered with a cloth and this cloth has all of the available numbers and bets printed on it. This is where players can place their bets.

The History of Roulette

The roulette was created in France by Blaise Pascal during the seventeenth century. He invented the roulette wheel while he was trying to manufacture a machine with a perpetual motion. It is believed that the game was inspired by some English games such as Reiner, E.O., Roly-Poly and ace of hearts. Louis Blanc and Francois introduced the roulette version that had one “0” in 1843 in Hamburg, Germany. In 1886, a gambling book that was written by Hoyle described the American roulette game and stated that the wheel had numbers that ranged between 1 and 28 alongside a zero (0), an American eagle and double zero (00).

In the 19th century, the game of roulette became widely popular across the United States and Europe. After roulette was banned in Germany. Blancs moved the roulette to Monte Carlo and created a gambling destination that is considered as one of the gambling meccas of the world that is themed around the game of roulette. This is why the game is usually referred to as the King of Casino Games. This is because the game is always associated and linked with the higher-class casinos in Monte Carlo.

The French double “0” roulette arrived in the United States through Mississippi coming from the state of New Orleans. The reason behind that was the rampart cheating by the players and the casino. This is why the casinos started to place the roulette wheel on the top of the roulette table in order to prevent any kinds of cheating devices from being
used.

The Gaming Procedure

The roulette table at land-based casinos can have up to eight players at a time. This is why for this game, gamblers purchase different chips. These chips have to be easily distinguished from each other. This is why they can have special symbols or different colors. This is done in order to prevent any type of mix up when players place their wagers and it makes it easier to reward the winning players. These chips can only be used at the table and it can only be purchased and cashed in at the table and not at the casino cashier. This is why players must cash in their chips after they are done playing.

The dealer or the croupier will ask players to place their bets. Players will then start to put their chips on the wagering area at the table. The croupier will then start to spin the ball and the wheel in opposite directions. During the spinning of the wheel, players can add or change their bets. After the ball and the wheel are close to stopping, the dealer is going to say “No More Bets Please”. This notifies players that they cannot continue placing wagers and that the wagers on the table are the final bets. When the ball stops, the dealer puts a dolly on the winning number that the ball landed on and he will start rewarding players according to their placed bets and he will take the losing bets.

The Different Roulette Bets

There are two main types of bets, outside bets and inside bets. Each single bet has its own payout rate.

Inside bets include:

Straight up bet
The player will place the chip in the square that contains the number. This means that the player is betting that the ball will land on this specific number. This wager pays 35:1.

Street bet
When players place the chip on the line’s edge, it means that players are betting on 3 numbers. This wager pays 11 to 1 and it is also known as a line bet.

Split bet
This bet is placed when a player places his chips on a line that separates two numbers. This means that he is splitting the chip on the two numbers. This wager pays 17:1.

Corner bet
It is when a place places a chip in the intersection of 4 numbers. This wager pays 8:1.

Basket bet
This bet is when players place chips at the intersection of zero, one and two or the intersection of 00, two and three. This wager pays 6:1.

Outside bets include:

Even / Odd bets
It is a bet whether the ball will land on an odd or an even number. This wager pays 1:1.

Red / Black bets
It is a bet whether the ball will land on a black or a red number. It also pays 1:1.

Dozen bets
Players will be able to choose a dozen numbers to bet on. They will pick from 1 to 12, 13 to 24 or 25 to 36. This wager pays 2:1.

Column Bets
This bet also consists of twelve numbers. Instead of consecutive numbers, it is a wager on the numbers that are in 1 of the 3 vertical columns.

First half / second half
Players will place bet on the first eighteen numbers (1-18) or the second eighteen numbers (19-36).
All of these bets can be found at the table near the wheel.

Calling and Announcing Bets
Players can call or announce bets before they place their chips on the table. If the dealer repeats the bets then it means that he has accepted it. On the other hand, if that does not happen, if the croupier is busy, then the bet is not taken. Players can’t argue with the croupier in that situation.

The Different Roulette Variant

There are numerous roulette variants. Most likely, if you are in a casino in France, you will find numerous tables but they are the same game, French roulette. If you are in America, it will be American Roulette and so on. The only place where players can enjoy a great collection of different roulette variants is online casinos.

French Roulette
This is the most recommendable roulette game because it offers players the best odds among other roulette games. This is because the game has only one zero and if the roulette ball lands on the zero, players will get half of their bet instead of losing it all. This game can be found in French casinos and online casinos that are powered by Microgaming or Playtech.

European Roulette
European roulette has only one zero but when the ball lands on the zero, players will lose the entire wager. The house edge for this roulette version is 2.7%.

American Roulette
This is the worst game in terms of odds. This is because the house has a steep edge of 5.26%. This is because there is a single zero “0” and a double zero “00”. This is why players are advised to avert away from it because of its odds.
Online Roulette Only Versions include:

Mini Roulette
This version can only be found online. It is developed and designed by Playtech. It offers players a smaller version of the roulette table with only thirteen slots.

Roulette Royale
It is a roulette game that is powered by Microgaming. This game is a European roulette game that has a huge progressive jackpot attached to it.

Live Dealer Roulette
It is a roulette game at online casinos that enables players to interact with live dealers through webcam.

What is the House Advantage?

The house advantage or the house edge is the percent of money that roulette players are expected to lose while playing at the game. For example, if players are placing a wager on one number from 38 numbers, then their chance of winning is 1/38 and their chances of losing is equal 37/38. This is why roulette tables that have a 0 or a 00 are advantageous to the house because it increases the edge of the house.

The Wheel is Random

Many gamblers have tried to employ strategies and wagering tactics in order to beat the wheel and win more than losing. All of these attempts failed. This is because the wheel is 100% random and there is no way to calculate the outcome of the wheel. In 1930, some professional roulette players succeeded in beating the house after studying which wheels are rigged. This is not possible anymore because all of the wheels are now controlled and monitored by gambling commissions to guarantee that they are not rigged in any way.

Wagering Systems

Although it is impossible to beat the wheel, people did not stop trying.

The Martingale Strategy
There is a betting strategy that is called The Martingale strategy. This strategy states that when a player loses, he should double up his bets in order to recover his losses stating that sooner or later, he will win. This doubling and redoubling strategy is very risky and it can cause players to lose all of their money before winning. This is because most players will either reach the house limit or run out of cash.

Andre Martinez Strategy:
There is another strategy that was invented by Andre Martinez. This strategy stated that players should bet on the same number for thirty-five times. This is very unsuccessful because there is less than a sixty-one percent chance of winning with thirty-five spins.

Labouchere System:
This wagering strategy resembles the Martingale system but it does not involve the same level of risk from doubling the wagers. This system tries to use a set of number in a line in order to estimate the amount of the bet after winning or losing. Of course, this system is not effective as the rest of the other system
The bottom line is that the only way to guarantee winning is to open a casino.

Roulette Etiquette

These are not rules but they are followed out of courtesy of the players.

1. Players should not touch or move their chips after the dealer says “no more bets please”
2. After the dealer places the dolly, players should not touch their chips.
3. All electronic devices such as cameras and mobile phones are not allowed.
4. Players can only have money, chips, cigarettes and drinks in front of them.
5. Changing cash and chips must be done between the roulette wheel spins.
6. Called bets can only be taken if the croupier is not busy and he has to repeat them out loud.

Online Roulette

Players can enjoy roulette online through internet casinos. The procedure is the same but quite simpler because there are no other players at the table. Players simply choose the chip size and place it on the numbers they want and then spin the wheel. Some games let players place wagers on eight different roulette wheels at the same time. They are called Multi Wheel Roulette games. It can be found at any Microgaming powered online casino such as Jackpot City and Gaming Club Casinos. Players can view the rules of each roulette table by clicking on Table Rules or similar buttons.
Online roulette also enables players to play a lot of games in the least amount of time since there is no waiting between rounds to cash chips or for other players to place their wagers on the table.
 

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